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e-Book The 1904 St. Louis Olympic Games and Anthropology Days: Sport Before the Laughter Left (Sport in the Global Society) epub download

e-Book The 1904 St. Louis Olympic Games and Anthropology Days: Sport Before the Laughter Left (Sport in the Global Society) epub download

Author: Susan Brownell
ISBN: 0415439825
Pages: 240 pages
Publisher: Routledge; 1 edition (November 24, 2007)
Language: English
Category: Americas
Size ePUB: 1904 kb
Size Fb2: 1688 kb
Size DJVU: 1321 kb
Rating: 4.2
Votes: 465
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Subcategory: History

e-Book The 1904 St. Louis Olympic Games and Anthropology Days: Sport Before the Laughter Left (Sport in the Global Society) epub download

by Susan Brownell



Anthropology Days reflected the n The 1904 Olympic Games and Anthropology Days were a pivotal point in the . Because of their association with them, today s sport historians often regard the St. Louis Olympics as a shameful event which almost killed the Olympic Movement.

Anthropology Days reflected the n The 1904 Olympic Games and Anthropology Days were a pivotal point in the history of American anthropology and of the Olympic Games. This is because they were anchored within larger transformations in global culture namely, the decline of empire, the rise of the nation-state, and the ensuing decline of the Victorian evolutionary racial schemes.

One of the more problematic sport spectacles in American history took place at the 1904 World’s Fair in St. Louis. Susan Brownell is a professor and chair of the Department of Anthropology at the University of Missouri, St. Louis

One of the more problematic sport spectacles in American history took place at the 1904 World’s Fair in St. Contributors: John Bale, Susan Brownell, Mark Dyreson, Henning Eichberg, Gerald R. Gems, Alexander Kitroeff, Suzuko Mousel Knott, Jonathan Marks, Christine M. O’Bonsawin, Nancy J. Parezo, Linda Peavy, Otto J. Schantz, and Ursula Smith.

The 1904 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the III Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event which was celebrated in St. Louis, Missouri, United States from August 29 until September 3, 1904, as part of an extended sports progr. Louis, Missouri, United States from August 29 until September 3, 1904, as part of an extended sports program lasting from July 1 to November 23, 1904,located at what is now known as Francis Field on the campus of Washington University in St. It was the first time that the Olympic Games were held outside Europe

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Home Browse Books Book details, The 1904 Anthropology Days and Olympic Games:. The 1904 Anthropology Days and Olympic Games: Sport, Race, and American Imperialism. One of the more problematic sport spectacles in American history took place at the 1904 World's Fair in St. Louis, which included the third modern Olympic Games. Associated with the Games was a curious event known as Anthropology Days organized by William J. McGee and James Sullivan, at that time the leading figures in American anthropology and sports, respectively.

Introduction Bodies before Boas, Sport before the Laughter Left. This volume reunites two strands of history that are usually treated separately: the histories of anthropology and the Olympic Games. It was a time of polymorphous performativity2 when the distinctions between education and entertainment were not as institutionalized as they are now when the lines between museums, zoos, circuses, historical reenactments, sports, Wild West shows, Olympic Games, and worlds fairs were not as clear as they are now.

Alongside traditional Olympic sports, the 1904 games also included a bizarre and highly controversial event known as Anthropology Days. As part of the two-day contest, so-called uncivilized tribes were recruited from the World’s Fair’s human zoo exhibits and encouraged to try their hand at Olympic sports. Ainus, Patagonians, Pygmies, Igorot Filipinos and Sioux were all paid to participate in traditional Olympic events such as the long jump, archery and the javelin throw as well as specially made contests like the pole climb and mud throwing.

The 1904 Olympic Games were the first at which gold, silver and bronze medals were awarded for first, second and third . Behind, a Greek temple.

The 1904 Olympic Games were the first at which gold, silver and bronze medals were awarded for first, second and third place. Boxing, freestyle wrestling, decathlon and a dumbbells event all made their debuts on the programme. Above the figure of the athlete, the inscription "OLYMPIAD" and on the rock bottom right "1904". On the reverse, the goddess Nike, goddess of victory, standing on a globe. She is holding a laurel crown in her left hand and a palm leaf in her right hand.

The 1904 Olympics, held in St. Louis, lasted for nearly five months, not . The spectacle was "grounded in the certainty of Anglo-American superiority," Regna Darnell and Stephen O. Murray write in the same book as Brownell. But let's go back to Coubertin. Louis, lasted for nearly five months, not slightly over two weeks as is the custom today. They were a figurative marathon. Meanwhile, the actual marathon race - featuring strychnine as a performance enhancing drug and a competitor who traveled miles by car - sounds like a slapstick comedy sketch.

In other words, the Anthropology Days of the 1904 St. Louis Olympic Games were similar in several ways to other cultural contacts and displays that were performed before and after 1904

In other words, the Anthropology Days of the 1904 St. Louis Olympic Games were similar in several ways to other cultural contacts and displays that were performed before and after 1904. The events of 1904 were simply one example of "the Native" being exposed (or subjected) to a culture of display, scrutinized by a colonial gaze. Estudio histórico-antropológico acerca de los Juegos Olímpicos modernos y su fundador, el educador francés barón Pierre de Coubertin (1863-1937), quien los estableciera en 1896 y cuyo ideario ha mantenido su influencia en el desarrollo ulterior de esta manifestación deportiva.

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The 1904 Olympic Games and Anthropology Days were a pivotal point in the history of American anthropology and of the Olympic Games. This is because they were anchored within larger transformations in global culture – namely, the decline of empire, the rise of the nation-state, and the ensuing decline of the Victorian evolutionary racial schemes. Anthropology Days reflected the notion of ‘culture’; whilst the Olympic events and other sports reflected nation-building.

But Anthropology Days were considered an embarrassment by Pierre de Coubertin – the founder of the modern Olympics. Because of their association with them, today’s sport historians often regard the St. Louis Olympics as a shameful event which almost killed the Olympic Movement.

St. Louis 1904 became a counter-model that sent the Olympic Games off onto another trajectory that emphasized a global sports mono-culture contested by athletes representing nations, and discouraged the cultural diversity of indigenous sports. As part of this shift, international sport was transformed from a carnivalistic spectacle into a serious ritual. The "laughter of the pygmies" would no longer find a space in sport, which became a "ritual of records."

This book was previously published as a special issue of International Journal of the History of Sport